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“Make the most you can of the Indian Hemp seed and sow it everywhere.”
– George Washington, first President of the United States
Growing cannabis is more than just a means to an end or straightforward agricultural process. Cultivating cannabis is an art. With practice and experience, a grower develops their own style and learns his or her own methods for collaborating with nature to most effectively produce the desired results.
Though growing cannabis is rewarding, it’s not easy. The best way to begin is to get familiar with the basics so you can choose what’s best for you. Will LED grow lights be the best cannabis grow lights for your plants? Which cannabis strains are best for a first-time grower? By the end of this post, you’ll know!
This grow guide is a nuts-and-bolts overview of how to grow cannabis featuring cannabis growing tips and what you will need to get started on your first indoor grow.
Many folks live in a climate that won’t allow cannabis to flourish or in a location with legal restrictions on growing outdoors. If you can grow outdoors, there are benefits, like not having as much ongoing maintenance work as those tending indoor plants.
But, overall, growing indoors may be the best choice for most growers, especially those who are just starting out. In addition to being able to keep a lower profile on your grow, an indoor setting allows for climate control. The ability to control the climate is why indoor plants tend to produce a more consistent flower than outdoor set-ups.
We are focusing on a basic set-up indoors because, generally speaking, indoor set-ups for cannabis growing are more common and easier for first-time growers.
You don’t need a huge space to grow cannabis flower indoors, but you do want to make sure you have enough room for the plants to grow plus all of the tools, heating and cooling equipment, and lighting. Closets, large store cabinets, and even tents work well for many growers. But before deciding which space to use, ask yourself these questions:
Since studies are still being conducted on the best indoor grow lights for cannabis in terms of stimulating cannabis growth, there is a great deal of passionate debate regarding which type of light is “best” and, perhaps more importantly when it comes to small-grow operations, which type of light is worth its cost. Many cannabis growers use a combination of the different types of lights in order to get the best results.
For cannabis, a cool breeze isn’t just refreshing, it’s a necessity. Like all plants, cannabis needs a consistent flow of carbon dioxide to complete photosynthesis. Also, good ventilation is necessary to prevent mildew and bacteria from building up in the room.
Most growers set up an exhaust fan near the ceiling to vent out the rising warm air and a filtered air duct blowing air into the room near the ground, on the opposite side of the space.
Growing cannabis in soil has many advantages. It’s the easiest and cheapest method of planting your seeds and getting started with soil doesn’t take too long. Also, many folks believe that the best cannabis is grown in soil, but you have to keep in mind that growing cannabis in soil will take the longest to produce flowers. Once you’ve chosen soil, you need to think about the type of soil you will use. You want moist soil that will be able to hold water but also drain well.
If you purchase a regular soil mix, you can add ingredients to make it better suited for your cannabis grow. For example, adding vermiculite will increase the soil’s ability to retain water and adding perlite will allow for more drainage.
There are many organic and synthetic nutrients and growth boosters on the market that you can use to help your plants thrive.
SpeedyVeg is one brand of organic growth accelerator that delivers macro and micronutrients to increase growth by 20%. Save on cannabis grow set-up by using our 10% off coupon for buying SpeedyVeg online. Check out our other cannabis promo codes for online cannabis brands here!
A good rule of thumb is to water the cannabis plant when the top of the growing medium feels dry. Before watering, make sure your plant has enough drainage so that excess water runs off and out of the pot or it could rot. Water the plant until you see about ⅕ of the water you have poured begin to drain out of the bottom of the pot.
If you are using a specific type of nutrient-booster in your soil or medium, check the watering instructions for that product. Some nutrient-boosters require less water than others.
Depending on the type of grow lights you use, you may have to increase your ventilation or install other types of cooling solutions to maintain an ideal temperature for your plants. The ideal temperature range when the lights are on is between 70 degrees and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. When the grow lights are turned off, the temperature should be between 58 degrees and 70 degrees. If your plants are left in temperatures higher or lower than these ranges for even a few hours, they could freeze or burn.
When choosing your cannabis seeds, you should keep in mind your personal preference as well as any medical conditions you are trying to treat. In addition to those factors, consider these, too:
The easiest and most foolproof option for beginning growers is “autoflowering cannabis seeds.” When you are cultivating traditional, non-auto-flowering cannabis seeds, you need to engage in a “photoperiod,” and adjust the amount of light your plants receive. This will trigger them into transitioning from the vegetative phase to the flowering phase.
Autoflowering weed seeds will switch from the vegetative phase to the flowering phase without your needing to change their light or do anything at all!
Planning Ahead: Drying and Curing Cannabis
As you watch your cannabis grow, you should plan ahead for what happens next. Drying and curing cannabis is a delicate process that has a direct impact on the quality of your final product. For example, if you correctly dry and cure your plants, the process of biosynthesis will continue even after they have been cut. This process produces cannabinoids, including THC, which means that proper curing boosts marijuana potency. Curing your cannabis will also prolong its shelf life and give it a better taste and smell.
Innovative cannabis products like CureCork make curing easy by automating the curing process and maintaining environmental conditions for you so you always get the perfect cure. Get free shipping (worldwide!) on your online purchase of CureCork by using our coupon here:
While you wait for your plants to be ready to harvest, consider your drying and curing options and make a plan. Then you’ll be prepared when the special harvesting day arrives!